Elevation: 6.562 ft.
Population: 390,845 (2019)
Mayor: LaToya Cantrell
Colonial New Orleans
Claimed for the French Crown by explorer Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1682, La Nouvelle-Orleans was founded by Jean Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville in 1718 upon the slightly elevated banks of the Mississippi River approximately 95 miles above its mouth.
Nicknamed the "Big Easy," it's known for its round-the-clock nightlife, vibrant live-music scene and spicy, singular cuisine reflecting its history as a melting pot of French, African and American cultures.
Embodying its festive spirit is Mardi Gras, the late-winter carnival famed for raucous costumed parades and street parties.